Hanoi must apply technology to have dignified urban planning
A map showing the topography and dyke system of the Hong-Thai Binh Basin
In 2022, Hanoi will adjust general planning in accordance with the law on urban planning and capital planning in accordance with the planning law of 2019. What should be done to ensure planning compliance and planning quality?
On January 24, 2022, the Politburo issued Resolution 06 on the planning, construction, management and sustainable development of urban areas in Vietnam until 2030, with a vision towards 2045.
The resolution states that urban planning is still “slow in innovation, lack of vision, low quality; there are still implementation problems; in many localities, planning adjustment is still arbitrary; the qualifications and capacity of most urban management officials, civil servants and public employees are still low”.
In the case of Hanoi, the problems can be found from planning to implementation.
After more than 10 years of implementing the general plan approved by the Prime Minister in 2011, “investment is still fragmented and unsynchronized, while the resources of the city itself and the resources of society for the development have not been valued and well exploited.Meanwhile, violations of land management in urban development are complicated.
The low quality of planning is attributed to poor data quality and unsatisfactory planning development.
In March 2020, Hanoi began planning for the capital according to the 2019 planning law. However, the multi-sector integrated planning was not familiar to the management apparatus, the executing agencies and the consultants. Therefore, after two years (2020-2022), the capital planning has not yet been approved.
Lessons from Japan
Since 2015, many groups of Vietnamese officials have come to Japan to gain planning experience and have been introduced to the multi-sector integration method.
The quality of planning depends on the collection and analysis of various information, on which the agencies calculate and choose optimal solutions, and not unrealizable scenarios.
In 1949, Japan enacted the Survey Act to ensure the accuracy and continued evolution of the national data treasury, managed by the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan which coordinates with all ministries, branches and localities.
Since 1960, Japan has cooperated globally to modernize the national map. In 1971, the government assisted the National Map Committee, an organization of leading experts in different fields, to establish a set of national maps published in 1977 and updated once every five years.
As it is national data, the A2 size maps of 351 pages and 276 thematic maps describing 15 different areas (natural conditions, development, conservation, society and culture) are edited, inspected and printed according to a strict process.
From 1886 to 1926, French engineers collected materials to draw the topographic/hydrological map of the Red Basin – Thai Binh, which served as the basis for the design of the embankment system and the realization of large-scale constructions. The total volume of earthworks was 305 million cubic meters (1885-1941).
However, it is difficult to find the flood prevention and control map and levee planning of Hong and Thai Binh river basin (approved by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) in 2016), and the water resources map on Hong and Thai Binh Basin approved by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) in 2018.
However, many technology companies have used high-quality remote sensing maps and artificial intelligence (AI) to provide modern, high-accuracy maps, helping to provide reliable forecasts of flooded areas, drought risk and demand. water for irrigation and people’s daily use.
In urban transport, they have used digital technology to analyze the current situation, point out disadvantages and conflicts that cause congestion or predict the benefits of optimal models for organizing urban traffic flows.
Hanoi has to draw up the capital’s urban plan when human resources are not available (officers have never been trained) and integrated data is lacking. In the immediate term, Hanoi needs to harness the capacity of organizations and individuals who can master modern technology to effectively implement capital planning of the highest quality.
Tran Huy Anh (Hanoi Association of Architects)
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